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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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List of All Articles
1.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Perioperative Echocardiographic Features of Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection
Alok Kumar, Vikas Dutta, Goverdhan Dutt Puri, Parag Barwad
[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:43] [Pages No:51-58] [No of Hits : 675]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10034-1054 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) refers to when all four pulmonary veins connect anomalously to the right atrium, directly or indirectly. Perioperative echocardiography, both transthoracic and transesophageal (TEE) with color flow imaging and Doppler interrogation, can identify the venous confluence, its connections, obstructions if any in the pathway, and any interatrial communication. They supplement each other in delineating the anatomy of such anomalous pulmonary venous connections. Perioperative TEE evaluation of patients with repaired TAPVC confirms the adequacy of repair, leaks or stenosis of the venous baffle. We summarize the role of perioperative echocardiography in understanding cases of TAPVC.

Keywords: Perioperative transesophageal echocardiography, Pulmonary veins, Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, Transesophageal echocardiography, Transthoracic echocardiography.

How to cite this article: Kumar A, Dutta V, Puri GD, Barwad P. Perioperative Echocardiographic Features of Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection. J Perioper Echocardiogr 2016;4(2):51-58.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  CASE REPORT
Giant Right Atrial Myxoma: The Importance of Transesophageal Echocardiography during Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Resection
Elizabeth Ungerman, Wendy Haft
[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:43] [Pages No:74-78] [No of Hits : 665]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10034-1059 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Most cardiac tumors are benign myxomas, and are most commonly found in the left atrium. Such tumors are identified either during symptomatic workup or found incidentally. We present a case in which a patient with recurrent transient ischemic attacks and syncope was found to have a giant right atrial myxoma with subsequent right atrial outflow obstruction. The mass was initially diagnosed on transthoracic echocardiography and its full scope was detailed utilizing transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). With swift intervention, the mass was successfully removed with the help of TEE guidance and the patient made a full recovery. The importance of TEE both preoperatively and intraoperatively during resection of giant cardiac masses is highlighted.

Keywords: Atrial masses, Cardiac tumors, Myxoma, Transesophageal echocardiography.

How to cite this article: Ungerman E, Haft W. Giant Right Atrial Myxoma: The Importance of Transesophageal Echocardiography during Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Resection. J Perioper Echocardiogr 2016;4(2):74-78.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  CASE REPORT
Unusual Attachment of Left Atrial Myxoma: Role of Transesophageal Echocardiography
Neeti Makhija, Kalpna Irpachi, Ujjwal K Chowdhury, Usha Kiran
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:35] [Pages No:30-33] [No of Hits : 665]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10034-1050 |

ABSTRACT

Left atrial myxomas are usually attached to the interatrial septum. This case highlights the unusual site of attachment of left atrial myxoma. The site of attachment was via a broad stalk at the junction of mitral valve annulus close to anterior mitral leaflet and adjacent left atrial wall. Transesophageal echocardiography helped in the detection of site of attachment as well as in postoperative evaluation.

Keywords: Left atrial mass, Left atrial myxoma, TEE, TTE.

How to cite this article: Makhija N, Irpachi K, Chowdhury UK, Kiran U. Unusual Attachment of Left Atrial Myxoma: Role of Transesophageal Echocardiography. J Perioper Echocardiogr 2016;4(1):30-33.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  CASE REPORT
Echocardiographic Evaluation and Management of Right Ventricular Dysfunction during Cardiac Transplantation
Alok Kumar, VK Arya, Ajay Kumar, Goverdhan Dutt Puri, KST Shyam, Ajay Bahl
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:35] [Pages No:10-13] [No of Hits : 619]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10034-1045 |

ABSTRACT

Cardiac allotransplantation has, over the years, become the established therapeutic modality for patients with end-stage heart failure. This case report focuses on the anesthetic challenges involved in the perioperative management of recipient with right ventricular dysfunction as well as echocardiographic assessment to assist in therapy.

Keywords: Cardiac transplant, Echocardiography, Right ventricle dysfunction.

How to cite this article: Kumar A, Arya VK, Kumar A, Puri GD, Shyam KST, Bahl A. Echocardiographic Evaluation and Management of Right Ventricular Dysfunction during Cardiac Transplantation. J Perioper Echocardiogr 2016;4(1):10-13.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Perioperative Ultrasonography Review
Nicholas J Schott, Christopher K Schott
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:35] [Pages No:3-9] [No of Hits : 511]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10034-1044 |

ABSTRACT

Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) has become increasingly utilized in modern medicine. Advancements in device technology and ease of use have dramatically broadened its clinical applications. The role in acute care specialties of a pointof- care device has allowed increased opportunities for patient assessment and management. The specialties of emergency medicine and critical care medicine have accepted POCUS in many aspects of clinical use as well as trainee education. Anesthesiology has begun to implement the use of POCUS, specifically transthoracic echocardiography, in the perioperative setting. Many elements of patient care can be addressed and modified using this as an assessment tool. This has led to in growth in ultrasonography training and the potential to be a staple of future anesthesiology care. Point-of-care ultrasonography may become vital to the forefront of management for improving perioperative patient care.

Keywords: Perioperative ultrasound, Point of care, Transthoracic.

How to cite this article: Schott NJ, Schott CK. Perioperative Ultrasonography Review. J Perioper Echocardiogr 2016; 4(1):3-9.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Echocardiographic Assessment of Mitral Stenosis: Key Learning Points for Fellows/Residents in Training
Ravi Raj
[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:38] [Pages No:17-24] [No of Hits : 1302]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10034-1030 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Mitral stenosis is most commonly due to rheumatic heart disease, even in western countries. Transthoracic echocardiography is the modality of choice for establishing diagnosis, underlying cause, assessment of severity, staging of disease, valve morphology and other associated lesions. Transesophageal echocardiography is recommended in patients considered for percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy to rule out LA clot, significant MR and to better assess mitral valve morphology. Three-dimensional echocardiography is now increasingly used for estimating mitral valve area and suitability for percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy. We provide a brief discussion on echocardiographic assessment of mitral stenosis.

Keywords: Rheumatic mitral stenosis, Transthoracic echocardiography, Transesophageal echocardiography, Threedimensional echocardiography, Mitral valve.

How to cite this article: Raj R. Echocardiographic Assessment of Mitral Stenosis: Key Learning Points for Fellows/Residents in Training. J Perioper Echocardiogr 2015;3(1):17-24.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Role of Perioperative Echocardiography Leadership in a Tertiary University Hospital
Kathirvel Subramaniam, Balachundhur Subramaniam
[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:38] [Pages No:4-16] [No of Hits : 916]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10034-1029 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Echocardiography has been shown to improve the perioperative outcomes of surgical and critically ill patients. Several modalities of echocardiography (transthoracic, transesophageal, epicardial and epiaortic) are being utilized clinically for the hemodynamic management of surgical patients. They can be collectively described as perioperative echocardiography (PEC). Because of such a wider scope of practice in perioperative echocardiography, there is a need for leadership to maintain equipment, good clinical practice, education, research, quality, documentation, billing and reimbursement. American Society of Echocardiography (ASE) and Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists (SCA) published guidelines for performance, reporting, education and quality improvement in PEC. The major role of echocardiography leadership is to ensure PEC team follows the guidelines published by ASE/SCA in their practice and utilize the potential of the various modalities to the benefit and safety of their patients. This article explores the key roles of the director for perioperative echocardiography service at a tertiary university hospital.

Keywords: Perioperative echocardiography, Leadership role, University hospital.

How to cite this article: Subramaniam K, Subramaniam B. Role of Perioperative Echocardiography Leadership in a Tertiary University Hospital. J Perioper Echocardiogr 2015;3(1):4-16.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None declared

 
8.  Review Article
Real-time Ultrasound-guided Axillary Vein Cannulation
Bahareh Khatibi, Nav Parkash Sandhu
[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volume:3 ] [Number:2] [Pages:28] [Pages No:42-47] [No of Hits : 744]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10034-1036 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The axillary vein has been shown to be a safe and effective cannulation site for patients requiring central venous access. Compared to subclavian vein cannulation, axillary vein cannulation may reduce the rate of pneumothorax and hemothorax. Long-term complications, including the rate of infection or deep vein thrombosis, are comparable to internal jugular vein cannulation. The use of ultrasound for cannulation at traditional central vein sites, such as the internal jugular and femoral veins has been shown to aid in successful cannulation and potentially reduce complications. For axillary vein cannulation, however, when ultrasound is used only for localization of the axillary vein precannulation, it has not been shown to improve successful cannulation or decrease the rate of arterial puncture.
Real-time ultrasound-guided axillary vein cannulation has been described and may increase the rate of successful cannulation and decrease complications. Various techniques of real-time ultrasound-guided axillary vein cannulation have been studied over the past decade. They differ in various characteristics including technique for needle imaging (in-plane vs out-of-plane) and upper extremity positioning (neutral vs abducted). The in-plane technique, which images the axillary vein in longitudinal view and allows the needle to be visualized at all times, has been found to result in greater first-attempt success and easier overall placement than the transverse view technique. As for upper extremity positioning, 90° abduction may result a decreased risk of catheter misplacement after proximal axillary vein cannulation.
Ultrasound-guided axillary vein cannulation has many emerging uses, including use in oncology, cardiology, and nephrology.

Keywords: Axillary vein, Central venous access, Ultrasound.

How to cite this article: Khatibi B, Sandhu NP. Real-time Ultrasound-guided Axillary Vein Cannulation. J Perioper Echocardiogr 2015;3(2):42-47.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  CASE REPORT
Hypertrophied Papillary Muscle causing Mid Cavity Left Ventricular Obstruction after Cardiac Surgery
Vikas Dutta, Ravi Raj, Ajay Bahl, Shyam Singh Thingnum, Goverdhan Dutt Puri
[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:38] [Pages No:32-34] [No of Hits : 735]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10034-1033 | FREE

ABSTRACT

A rare cause of mid cavity left ventricular obstruction can be a hypertrophied and/or a malformed papillary muscle. Hypertrophy of papillary muscle can be atypical presentation of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Most of these patients do not have a resting gradient, but a dynamic gradient can occur in hypovolumia or increased contractile state. We present a case of elderly patient who had a hypertrophied anterolateral papillary muscle and developed mid left ventricular obstruction after weaning the patient from cardiopulmonary bypass.

Keywords: Papillary muscle hypertrophy, Cardiac surgery, Mid left ventricular gradient.

How to cite this article: Dutta V, Raj R, Bahl A, Thingnum SS, Puri GD. Hypertrophied Papillary Muscle causing Mid Cavity Left Ventricular Obstruction after Cardiac Surgery. J Perioper Echocardiogr 2015;3(1):32-34.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  CASE REPORT
Unanticipated Ruptured Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm in a Patient with Subpulmonic Ventricular Septum Defect: Suspected by Intraoperative Transthoracic Echo; Confirmed by Intraoperative Transesophageal Echo
Imran Hussain Bhat, Ravi Raj, Goverdhan Dutt Puri
[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:38] [Pages No:25-28] [No of Hits : 605]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10034-1031 | FREE

ABSTRACT

A sinus of valsalva (SOV) aneurysm is a rare cardiac anomaly that may be congenital or acquired and may be associated with other cardiac lesions. If the aneurysm ruptures, it causes acute symptoms of dyspnea. Echocardiography is a useful diagnostic tool that can guide in proper management of these patients. We present a case of subpulmonic ventricular septal defect (VSD) in which ruptured SOV was detected by intraoperative transthoracic echocardiography and confirmed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) which helped in adequate surgical repair and good outcome for the patient. This case report emphasizes the importance of routine transthoracic and TEE in operating room by cardiac anesthesiologist to confirm the original diagnosis and look for new unanticipated findings, especially in a patient with strong clinical suspicion.

Keywords: Ruptured sinus of valsalva aneurysm, Subpulmonic ventricular septum defect, Transesophageal echocardiography, Transthoracic echocardiography.

How to cite this article: Bhat IH, Raj R, Puri GD. Unanticipated Ruptured Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm in a Patient with Subpulmonic Ventricular Septum Defect: Suspected by Intraoperative Transthoracic Echo; Confirmed by Intraoperative Transesophageal Echo. J Perioper Echocardiogr 2015;3(1): 25-28.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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